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Why You Should Learn 4G 5G Protocol Testing in 2023 ?

Updated: Apr 22, 2023

4G and 5G Protocol Testing

What is 4G and 5G Protocol Testing ?

Have you heard about 4G and 5G protocol testing? In this modern world of advanced technology, we are all familiar with the terms 4G and 5G. They are the latest and most robust networks that have ever been created in the world of telecommunications. However, what is 4G and 5G protocol testing?


Simply put, protocol testing is a crucial aspect of any communication technology. It is the process of testing the various protocols and standards that are used in communication networks to ensure they operate effectively. The protocols are a set of rules and regulations that dictate how devices connect and transmit data through the network.


In the world of 4G and 5G, protocol testing is essential to ensure that these networks function correctly. These networks are complex and require extensive testing to ensure that they can handle the high-speed data transmission rates, voice quality, and video streaming services. Protocol testing also helps to identify and eliminate network issues that may cause problems for end-users.


Testing 4G and 5G protocols involves an array of tests, including feature tests, interoperability tests, and performance tests. Feature tests involve testing the different features and functions of the network, such as signaling or voice communications. Interoperability tests ensure that the network can work with other devices and networks without problems. Performance testing involves testing the network's overall performance, latency, and throughput.


In conclusion

Protocol testing is a vital aspect of ensuring that the 4G and 5G networks work effectively. Testing helps identify and rectify any issues that may arise, making the networks more reliable and providing users with the seamless experience they deserve. So, next time you hear about 4G and 5G networks, remember that protocol testing makes it all.


4G and 5G Protocol Testing Content:

At Apeksha Telecom-The Telecom Gurukul, we’ve worked hard to develop a course for 4G/5G Protocol Testing and Log Analysis to fit everyone’s needs. Whether you want to improve existing skills or expand your horizons, you’ve come to the right place. Check out our course schedule below to see what we have to offer, and contact us today for a demo session.

4G Protocol Testing: Overview of 4G Technology

  • What is Protocol Testing and Log Analysis.

  • Common Troubleshooting Issues.

  • LTE Introduction

  • What is 3GPP.

  • Protocol Testing Job Profiles.

  • LTE Architecture

  • LTE Interfaces

  • LTE Protocol Stack

Layer 1 Physical Layer Processing (PHY)

  • LTE Channel Mapping

  • LTE Frame Structure

  • LTE Identities

  • LTE Power On Scenario

  • UE Protocol Initialization (Memory Allocation for All the Layers)

  • LTE Signals PSS & SSS

  • LTE System Information

  • LTE DL Channels: PBCH, PHICH, PCFICH

  • LTE DL Channels : PDCCH, PDSCH

  • LTE UL Channels: PUCCH, PUSCH

  • LTE RACH Procedure

Layer 2 Protocols and Their Processing

  • Introduction to LTE Layer-2 PDCP RLC and MAC

  • PDCP Header Structure and Data Processing

  • PDCP Integrity , Encryption, Ciphering and Header Compression

  • RLC Introduction

  • Understanding TM, UM and AM

  • Data Flow at the transmitter at RLC Layer

  • Overall Data Flow for TM RLC

  • Overall Data Flow for UM RLC

  • Overall Data Flow for AM RLC

  • Polling Mechanism for AM Mode

  • t-Pollretransmit timeout and t-pollbit

  • Introduction to MAC Function and MAC Layer processing

  • Link Adaption

  • HARQ Procedure

  • MAC Scheduler and LCID

  • LTE Services and Scheduling Mechanism

  • Persistent and Semi Persistent Scheduling

  • Different Type of Scheduler

  • Buffer Status Report (BSR)

  • Power Headroom Report (PHR)

  • Timing Advance (TA)

  • DRX

Layer 3 Protocols and Their Processing

  • Introduction to LTE Layer 3-NAS and RRC

  • NAS EMM ESM and ECM

  • NAS Registered and NAS De-Registered

  • ECM Idle and ECM Connected

  • RRC States and System Information

  • Introduction to NAS S1AP-X2AP and PLMN Selection Procedure

  • RRC Network Entry and QCAT Log Session

  • RRC Attach or Initial Acquisition Procedure

  • RRC Tracking Area Update procedure

  • RRC Handover (HO) X2 and S1 Based HO

Tools, Testing Procedure and Add-On Sessions

  • Important Linux Commands

  • Spirent Network Emulators for Testing Backhaul Impairments

  • TM500- The UE Simulator Sessions

  • Testing Procedure End to End and Test Cycle

  • Tools used in Testing and Lab Setup

  • QXDM and QCAT Configuration and Predation

  • Mediatek ELT Tool Demonstration

  • LTE Carrier Aggrigantion

  • •LTE CSFB and SRVCC Concept

  • •LTE IMS/VOLTE

  • •LTE SIP Protocol

  • •LTE Call Flow

  • •LTE Log Analysis (QXDM and QCAT)

  • •LTE Conformance Testing Process

5G Protocol Testing: Overview of 5G Technology


  • •.What is Protocol Testing and Log Analysis for 5G.

  • •Common Troubleshooting Issues.

  • •5G Introduction

  • •What is 3GPP. specification for 5G.

  • •Protocol Testing Job Profiles.

  • •5G Architecture

  • •5G Interfaces

  • •5G Deployment Scenario

  • •5G Protocol Stack

  • •5G Numerology

  • •5G CORESET

  • 5G System Architecture

  • 5G Network Architecture

  • Functional split between NG-RAN and 5GC

  • Nodes functions (gNB and ng-eNB, AMF, UPF, SMF, PCF, AF, NEF, AUSF, UDM, NSSF, NRF) and interfaces

  • NR-RAN architecture

  • 5G identities

Layer 1 Physical Layer Processing (PHY)

  • CP-OFDM and DFT-s-OFDM

  • 5G NR Duplexing

  • 5G Frequency Bands

  • Cell cearch (SSB, P-SS, S-SS, PCI, PBCH)

  • PT-RS • DM-RS • CSI-RS • PDCCH (CCE, CORESE, PDCCH processing)

  • PDSCH (scrambling, modulation, layer mapping, antenna port mapping, mapping to virtual resource blocks, mapping to physical resource blocks)

  • NR Channel Mapping

  • NR Frame Structure

  • NR Power On Scenario

  • UE Protocol Initialization (Memory Allocation for All the Layers)

  • NR Uplink Physical Layer

  • PT-RS • DM-RS • SRS • PUCCH • PUSCH • PRACH

  • Timing advance

  • Radio link monitoring

  • Uplink power control

  • Dual connectivity

  • HARQ operation

  • Massive MIMO and beamforming

  • Bandwidth part operation

  • Carrier Aggregation

  • Initial Access

  • 5G Timing

  • Registration and Operation

  • EN-DC Operational Procedure

  • 5G Connected Mode Procedure

  • 5G Paging

  • 5G Measurements

NR Uplink Physical Layer

  • PT-RS

  • DM-RS

  • SRS

  • PUCCH

  • PUSCH

  • PRACH

5G Access Procedure

  • NR initial access

  • NR coreset acquisition

  • NR system information and cell selection

  • NR random access procedure

  • NR network Registration

  • 5G Measurements

  • NR measurement quantities

  • NR measurement configuration

  • NR Measurement Gap configuration

5G Air Interface Security

  • RAN Security Keys and Algorithms

  • RRC Security Procedures

  • Control Plane Security

  • User Plane Security

5G Mobility

  • Idle mode behavior

  • Connected mode mobility (measurements, intra-RAT handover, inter-RAT handover)

5G connected mode procedures

  • Radio link failure

  • Beam failure

  • NR Power control

  • Downlink power allocation

  • Uplink power contro

Layer 2 Protocols and Their Processing

  • Introduction to LTE Layer-2 PDCP RLC and MAC

  • PDCP Header Structure and Data Processing

  • PDCP Integrity , Encryption, Ciphering and Header Compression

  • RLC Introduction

  • Understanding TM, UM and AM

  • Data Flow at the transmitter at RLC Layer

  • Overall Data Flow for TM RLC

  • Overall Data Flow for UM RLC

  • Overall Data Flow for AM RLC

  • Polling Mechanism for AM Mode

  • t-Pollretransmit timeout and t-pollbit

  • Introduction to MAC Function and MAC Layer processing

  • Link Adaption

  • HARQ Procedure

  • MAC Scheduler and LCID

  • NR Services and Scheduling Mechanism

  • Persistent and Semi Persistent Scheduling

  • Different Type of Scheduler

  • Buffer Status Report (BSR)

  • Power Headroom Report (PHR)

  • Timing Advance (TA)

  • DRX

Layer 3 Protocols and Their Processing

  • 5G SDAP Layer

  • Introduction to LTE Layer 3-NAS and RRC

  • NAS EMM ESM and ECM

  • NAS Registered and NAS De-Registered

  • ECM Idle and ECM Connected

  • RRC States and System Information

  • Introduction to NAS and PLMN Selection Procedure

  • RRC Network Entry and QCAT Log Session

  • RRC Attach or Initial Acquisition Procedure

  • RRC Tracking Area Update procedure

  • RRC Handover (HO)

Tools, Testing Procedure and Add-On Sessions

  • Important Linux Commands

  • Spirent Network Emulators for Testing Backhaul Impairments

  • TM500- The UE Simulator Sessions

  • Testing Procedure End to End and Test Cycle

  • Tools used in Testing and Lab Setup

  • QXDM and QCAT Configuration and Predation

  • Mediatek ELT Tool Demonstration

  • NR Carrier Aggrigantion

  • •NR CSFB and SRVCC Concept

  • •NR IMS/VONR

  • 5G Slicing

  • •NR SIP Protocol

  • •NR Call Flow

  • •NR Log Analysis (QXDM and QCAT)

  • •NR Conformance Testing Process


There are several reasons why learning 4G and 5G protocol testing can be beneficial:

There are several reasons why learning 4G and 5G protocol testing can be beneficial:


1. 4G and 5G are the current and future standards for mobile communication, respectively, and are being widely deployed around the world. As a result, there is a high demand for professionals with expertise in testing these protocols.


2. Protocol testing is a critical part of the development and deployment process for 4G and 5G networks, as it ensures that the networks perform as expected and meet the required standards and specifications.


3.Protocol testing requires a strong understanding of the underlying technologies and protocols used in 4G and 5G networks, as well as the ability to use specialized testing tools and equipment. This can be a valuable skill set to have in the telecommunications industry.


4.Learning 4G and 5G protocol testing can open up career opportunities in a variety of roles, including test engineer, network engineer, and network planner.


5.As 5G technology continues to evolve and be adopted, there will likely be a growing need for professionals with expertise in testing and evaluating 5G protocols.

Overall, learning 4G and 5G protocol testing can be a valuable investment in terms of both career development and staying current with the latest technologies in the telecommunications industry.

4G and 5G Protocol Testing Certification Course by Apeksha Telecom Contact Us / Our Website

Are you looking to enhance your skills in 4G and 5G protocol testing? Apeksha Telecom provides one of the best certification courses in the industry to help you to become a proficient tester in the latest wireless technologies.

With the advent of 5G technology, the demand for highly skilled protocol testers has skyrocketed. As a result, Apeksha Telecom has designed a comprehensive certification course that covers all the essential aspects of 4G and 5G protocol testing.

The course curriculum includes topics such as protocol stack architecture and protocols like S1AP, X2AP, RRC, PDCP, and GTP. Moreover, the course also gives extensive hands-on experience with the latest UE simulators, test tools, and log analyzers used in the industry. Benefits of taking the course

1. Stay ahead in your career: By taking this certification, you can broaden your knowledge and skills in 4G and 5G protocol testing, making you stand out in your field.

2. Stay up-to-date with the latest technology: The telecommunications industry is consistently evolving, and this certification helps you keep up with the latest technology.

3. Recognized industry certification: The Apeksha Telecom 4G & 5G Certification is well-recognized in the industry and adds value to your resume.

4. Better salary: With this certification, you can increase your market value, and as a result, earn a better salary.

Conclusion In today's fast-moving world, staying on top of the changing technology is critical to your success. With Apeksha Telecom's 4G and 5G protocol testing certification course, you can enhance your knowledge, stay ahead in your career, and keep up with the latest technology trends. Sign up for the course today and give an essential boost to kick-start your future in the telecommunications industry.

Job Market for 4G 5G Protocol Testing Trained Professional ?

There is a strong job market for professionals with expertise in 4G and 5G protocol testing. These professionals are in high demand as the deployment of 4G and 5G networks continues to accelerate around the world.

There are a variety of roles that professionals with 4G and 5G protocol testing skills may be qualified for, including test engineer, network engineer, and network planner. These professionals may work for telecommunications companies, network equipment manufacturers, or consulting firms, among others.

In terms of job outlook, the demand for professionals with 4G and 5G protocol testing skills is expected to remain strong in the coming years as the deployment of 5G networks continues to expand and as the need for testing and evaluation of these networks increases.

Overall, pursuing training in 4G and 5G protocol testing can be a valuable investment in terms of career development and job prospects in the telecommunications industry.


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